PBS aired an important new documentary on its FRONTLINE program. This is a trailer:
It's simply devastating. The full documentary is available for streaming on FRONTLINE's site - stop right now and watch the whole thing.
ESPN was originally an equal partner in the project until just weeks ago. After fifteen months of collaborative work, the documentary was almost complete when ESPN abruptly and shamefully pulled out, reportedly at the behest of the NFL.
If that's true, it's hardly surprising; League of Denial reveals that the NFL systematically stonewalled inquiries, buried evidence of brain trauma, produced questionable medical studies, and attacked doctors who dared even suggest a possible connection between football and brain damage. This program should be required watching for all Hall of Fame voters every time Paul Tagliabue is put up for consideration.
Yesterday also saw the publication of its companion book, entitled League of Denial: The NFL, Concussions and the Battle for Truth. It was written by by Mark Fainaru-Wada and Steve Fainaru, ESPN investigative journalists and two of the writers of the FRONTLINE documentary.
“PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL PLAYERS DO NOT SUSTAIN FREQUENT REPETITIVE BLOWS TO THE BRAIN ON A REGULAR BASIS.”The best news, if there can be anything resembling good news in this story, is that Fainaru-Wada and Fainaru understand the real issue. As dangerous as concussions are, an equal danger comes from the relatively repetitive hits that players regularly sustain throughout their career. Those are what's going to force the NFL into real change. All the emphasis is on concussions—witness the subtitles of both documentary and book—while the real danger goes largely unremarked.
So concluded the National Football League in a December 2005 scientific paper on concussions in America’s most popular sport. That judgment, implausible even to a casual fan, also contradicted the opinion of a growing cadre of neuroscientists who worked in vain to convince the NFL that it was facing a deadly new scourge: A chronic brain disease that was driving an alarming number of players -- including some of the all-time greats -- to madness.
League of Denial reveals how the NFL, over a period of nearly two decades, sought to cover up and deny mounting evidence of the connection between football and brain damage.
Comprehensively, and for the first time, award-winning ESPN investigative reporters Mark Fainaru-Wada and Steve Fainaru tell the story of a public health crisis that emerged from the playing fields of our 21st century pastime. Everyone knew that football is violent and dangerous. But what the players who built the NFL into a $10 billion industry didn’t know – and what the league sought to shield from them – is that no amount of padding could protect the human brain from the force generated by modern football; that the very essence of the game could be exposing these players to brain damage.
In a fast-paced narrative that moves between the NFL trenches, America’s research labs and the boardrooms where the NFL went to war against science, League of Denial examines how the league used its power and resources to attack independent scientists and elevate its own flawed research -- a campaign with echoes of Big Tobacco’s fight to deny the connection between smoking and lung cancer. It chronicles the tragic fates of players like Hall of Fame Pittsburgh Steelers center Mike Webster, who was so disturbed at the time of his death he fantasized about shooting NFL executives; and former Chargers great Junior Seau, whose diseased brain became the target of an unseemly scientific battle between researchers and the NFL. Based on exclusive interviews, previously undisclosed documents and private emails, this is the story of what the NFL knew and when it knew it – questions at the heart of crisis that threatens football, from the highest levels all the way down to Pop Warner.
The NFL must change the way the game is played. It is not sustainable in its current form. To save the sport, it must adapt to this new information.
If I'm right, and if at some point in the future we can look back on yesterday as a real turning point for the sport, we'll have PBS and ESPN to thank. Even if ESPN doesn't want those thanks at the moment.